Short Courses & Events / Archive

Articulatory Activity Of The Tongue, Jaw, And Lips During The Second Passaggio Acoustic Transition Of Female Singers

Thursday 15th September 2022, 5:00 PM - 7:00 PM (London Time)

Sopranos typically exhibit an acoustic modification between 600 and 700 Hz (on /ɑ/) during which second resonance (R2) tracking of the second harmonic (2fo) changes to first resonance (R1) tracking of the fundamental (fo).

To quantify the alteration, the sound pressure level difference between the first two harmonics (L1-L2) was measured for chromatic scales sung between C5♮ and G5♮ (523 to 784 Hz) by 17 sopranos (9 judged by the first author as “techniqued” and 8 as “untechniqued” and confirmed by perceptual experiment).

Techniqued sopranos shifted from negative to positive values of L1-L2 as early as D5♮ (587 Hz), while the least techniqued singers did not make the change at all.

Articulatory correlates were measured using ultrasound of the tongue and optical tracking.

Head-corrected tongue contours showed the most critical articulatory factor to be the size of a triangular area between two points on the hard palate and the most anterior tongue point.

Sopranos who made the change earliest exhibited the largest anterior oral cavities whereas sopranos who never made the acoustic change had significantly smaller anterior cavities.

Larger anterior oral cavities appear to accommodate lower frequencies of R2, presumably lowering L2 and increasing L1-L2. [Supported by NIH grant DC-002717.]

Richard Lissemore

Richard Lissemore is a collaborative teacher, researcher, and performer of voice. He is equally adept at teaching vocal technique and performance for both classical...

Sorry, this is an archived short course...

We have plenty of upcoming short courses coming soon. See details of some of them below or look at the full list of short courses.

Comparative Vocal Styles: Classical, Belting, Pop, R&B, Country, Rock & Jazz
Tuesday 5th March 2024
5:00 PM - 7:00 PM
(London Time)

Comparative Vocal Styles: Classical, Belting, Pop, R&B, Country, Rock & Jazz

Lisa Popeil

In this interactive workshop, participants will have the opportunity to experiment with some of the many elements which comprise different genres, including Classical, Musical Theatre Belting (including its five substyles), Pop, R&B (Soul), Country, Rock and Jazz.

What Every Singing Teacher Should Know About Vocal Health: Fact-finding and Myth-busting (2-part course)
Thursday 7th March 2024
5:00 PM - 7:00 PM
(London Time)

What Every Singing Teacher Should Know About Vocal Health: Fact-finding and Myth-busting (2-part course)

Leda Scearce

This workshop will cover a number of topics related to vocal health education, including vocal hygiene, medical factors and the voice, optimising efficiency of the speaking voice, vocal pacing, the singer's role in identification of dysphonia and making appropriate referrals to the vocal health team, and common vocal health myths and how to dispel them.

Queering Vocal Pedagogy: Affirming Trans and Genderqueer Singers
Thursday 14th March 2024
5:00 PM - 7:00 PM
(London Time)

Queering Vocal Pedagogy: Affirming Trans and Genderqueer Singers

Dr William Sauerland

Rooted in a multi-case research project, this session explores the experiences of transgender and genderqueer singers in private voice instruction. Through the lenses of six singers, including a teenage transgender woman...